Waukesha, WI: R.L. Kenyon Company, . Single sheet, 14.5 x 16 inches, folded to 4 x 8.5 inches, with text and illustrations from photographs on both sides. Light dampstain throughout; good. One copy located in OCLC, at UC Davis. Aimed specifically at a California audience, this brochure promotes the Kenyon Company’s portable canvas houses, which they offer for use not only as hunting and fishing camps, but also as “a permanent year-round home for use in sunny California.” Models ranged in size from one 7’ x 9’ room ($72.00) to a five-room house measuring 540 square feet ($375). The illustrations show houses in situ in Sacramento, Santa Rosa, San Francisco, San Rafael, and Fresno, captioned by warm testimonials from their owners—though none actually seem to have been persuaded to use their Little Brown Bungalow as a truly permanent residence.
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San Francisco: Mariposa Grant, Inc. Undated, c. 1915.  pp, with illustrations from photographs, map. Old library blindstamp and ink accession number on front cover, otherwise unmarked, with old folding creases. Good. Scarce investment prospectus for gold mining and farming property in Mariposa County, California. The new owners, identified only as "Mariposa Grant, Incorporated," denounce their predecessors—dating back to John Charles Fremont, who purchased the land in 1847—for failing to mine the land with proper equipment and skill and generally mismanaging its rich resources and economic potential. The history and production record of the existing mines on the 44,000-acre grant are described in detail, and a list of well-known mining engineers (J. Ross Browne, Josiah Whitney, Clarence King, and others) are said to have "declared in signed reports that the ore bodies of this mountain range of gold-speckled rock [are] inexhaustible." Now under proper management, the author claims, Mariposa Grant will be returned within a few years "to the position of honor as the premier producer of the 'Mother Lode' of California." 6 copies located in OCLC, most at public libraries.
Nineteen original black and white photographs measuring ca. 4 x 5 inches. Fifteen are stamped "Chief Inspector, U.S.S.B.E.F.C. Jul 24 1918" on the back; the other five were probably taken by an L.A. Examiner photographer (based on notes on the envelope in which they were found). All in very good condition or better. The Emergency Fleet Corporation (EFC) was established by the United States Shipping Board in April 16, 1917, less than two weeks after the U.S. entered World War I. Its purpose was to construct, maintain, and operate merchant ships to meet the needs of national defense and foreign and domestic commerce. Under contract for the EFC, the Western Pipe and Steel Company constructed a shipbuilding yard at Terminal Island in Long Beach Harbor. According to the Los Angeles Conservancy, by May 2018, "the company held government contracts for the delivery of 20 ships, with total expenditures of $30 million and a projected 5,000 employees. The launch of the first ship, the West Carnifax, only six months later broke four world records for yard construction and delivery time. Representatives from the federal government visited the shipyard to personally laud the achievement. In a speech at the occasion, the yard manager said, 'We believe that we have done our share in showing the nation just what Los Angeles enthusiasm and enterprise can do, and we can get behind the nation, no matter what our talk. Shipbuilding came to Los Angeles as a war measure, but it has come to stay, for Los Angeles is a world port from now on.'" These images offer vivid documentation of both that enterprise and the enthusiasm, with many shots of men laboring at various stages of the ship-building process, as well as one of a great crowd of workers waving their hats in the air—quite possibly in celebration of a newly completed vessel.
Boston: Charles Spear, 1845. Newsprint bifolium (separated at centerfold), 12 x 17.25, pp. , printed recto and verso with text and two wood-engraved illustrations. Disbound from a larger volume, large chip missing to upper inner corner of both sheets, resulting small loss of text; fair to good overall. Reasonably well represented institutionally, but scarce in commerce. Although a relatively minor figure among New England social reformers, Universalist minister Charles Spear was the foremost opponent of the death penalty. He was convinced that all men could be reformed, and that execution cut them off unreformed and unrepentant. In 1844, he published Essays on the Punishment of Death, and in 1845 he launched The Hangman and helped found the Massachusetts Society for the Abolition of Capital Punishment (MSACP). By May 1845 The Hangman claimed more than 2,000 subscribers and a circulation of 5,000. Nonetheless, Spear's complete focus on "showing the entire inutility of the gallows" failed to retain a large enough audience to keep The Hangman afloat, and in 1846 he changed its name to The Prisoner's Friend and expanded its scope to prison reform in general. This early issue includes excerpts from debates held at the convention of the MSACP, including commentary by Hosea Ballou and Wendell Phillips; an eyewitness report on a recent execution in New York State; Spear's account of his visit to "the cell of a murderer" in New Hampshire; and a list of upcoming executions in Maine, Vermont, Rhode Island, and Pennsylvania. It also carries ads for other publications on capital punishment, as well as The Water-Cure Journal and a Thomsonian Infirmary and Botanic Medicine Store in Boston.
1913-1916. 29 b/w photographs, each 7 x 9-1/2 inches, in sleeves in a modern plastic binder, many captioned and dated in the negative, a handful with typed captions on the verso. Four photos have been removed from an album, and have paper backing still adhering; one photo is mounted to heavier cardstock, the rest are printed on standard photographic paper of varying weights. Large chip to one photograph, the rest about fine. El Teniente, one of the largest and oldest copper mines in South America, is cradled in the Chilean highlands, surrounded on all sides by the high peaks of the Andes. The mine was run with various degrees of success from its opening ca. 1819 until 1889, when flooding and lack of funds left it totally inoperable. Faced with seeking outside investment or leaving the mine to the wilderness, the Chileans turned to the United States, which could supply both capital and more efficient technology for copper extraction. In 1910, after a series of takeovers, El Teniente came under the control of the Guggenheim family—first under the name of the Braden Copper Company, and then as the Kennecott Copper Company. By the middle of World War I, production had increased fourfold, and by the end of the war the mine employed more than 5,000 workers. The photos here, taken between 1913 and 1916, document the period during which the mine was transformed from a small, undercapitalized, domestically owned operation to a large industrial enterprise under foreign control. Many of the photographs were taken from a vantage point high above the mining complex. In them we see new roads, housing, railroad tracks, trains winding along steep grades and through narrow passes, and mining facilities. There are new mills, crushers, flotation units, and a state-of-the art aerial tramway. But we also see the devastating effect of snow slides following a series of massive storms in 1914-15. In every image, both man and machine are overshadowed by the sheer size and majesty of the surrounding mountains. It's hard not to be struck by the audacity required to attempt a toehold on this landscape, to aspire to taming it and extracting its core. Though the odds seem insurmountable, generations of miners have persisted and prevailed. Purchased by the Chilean government in 1967, El Teniente remains in operation today.
Six complete letters and one partial letter, totaling 15 easily legible pages on lined paper measuring 4.75 x 7.75 inches; approximately 3,000 words in all. Fine condition. Born and raised in New York State, Harlow Linzel Erskine (1837-1913) married and moved to Iowa to seek his fortune in 1856, at the age of 19. Drafted into the Union Army, he became a private in Company I of the 15th Iowa Infantry Regiment on February 29, 1864. These letters—three from his mother, two from his father, and one complete and one partial letter from his brother—speak eloquently of the deep anxiety and uncertainty experienced by soldiers’ family members as they waited for news. They write of their fears (“it is over two months since you wrote, we have been to the post office several times for a letter and I begin to think the Rebels have got you”) and of the hardships experienced by Harlow’s wife, Julia, who has “suffered much since you left her” alone to care for their two small sons. Ernest Erskine scolds his son for being too reticent in his letters: You should have stated why you are in the hospital, the state of your health; no reserve now will suit us. We have had a world of trouble about you and now that you can write tell us all the Company, Regiment, Brigade Division and Corps, so that when we read the movement of Sherman’s army we can know where you are….I hope you will live to see the conclusion of the war and not be disabled or broken down, or taken prisoner. I know that is asking much." Mother Marinda Erskine does not hesitate to lay on the guilt, telling her son to “just think of your Pa and I poor old cripples here alone, must work sick or well, the chores must be done.” The solution, of course, is for him to “write us as often as you can,” for “when I have been sick three days to get a letter from you I get up go to work. It is better than a quart of medicine.”.
Five-page handwritten letter on unlined paper (6.25 x 10.5 inches), dated July 30, 1935. Folding creases, all else very good. Accompanied by original mailing envelope. Robert Bassell writes to his parents from CCC Camp Fremont in Pinedale, Wyoming. Bassell describes how he was among the first to volunteer for duty when a forest fire broke out in the mountains above the camp. After hiking nine miles up a mountain on little food and little sleep, he found himself in serious peril, writing "I and another boy were patrolling on the fire line when the crown fire started on us. We had to run from the fire and then I found that I was trapped. Was I scared. Don’t ask. To our good fortune, two rangers, who were circling the fire, saw our plight and got us out. I had to run through a sheet of flame about four feet high. I got singed and burnt." In addition to his dramatic description of fighting the fire, Bassell makes brief mention of his other work activities, and of the Camp’s educational programming. Camp Fremont opened in 1933 and attracted young men from New York, California, Ohio, Illinois, Kentucky and Wyoming. In addition to fighting fires, they worked on insect control and stream improvement and built telephone and electrical lines, drift fences, campgrounds, and ranger stations.
New York: John S. Taylor, 1842. First Edition. 4 x 6 inches, 46 pp, original brown ribbed blindstamped cloth boards, titles stamped in gilt on upper board. Chips out at the spine tips, lacking the lower half of the spine cloth, foxing to the endpapers and lightly throughout, but a sound, good copy. Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna (1790-1846) was a popular Protestant pamphleteer and novelist who promoted both women's rights and civility (no mean feat in either her time or ours). Backbiting, as she maintained in essays appearing in the "New York Observer and Chronicle" (April 1842) and the "Weekly Messenger" (May 1842), "explains itself better than most words do. It gives you the idea of one who comes behind another and inflicts a wound, from which he cannot defend himself because the approach of the enemy is unseen, and he may also hide himself before the injured party can turn round. Thus the sufferer feels the effect of the wound without being able to discover how, or from what quarter, or with what assistance the wound is given." This book, which seems to be aimed at a juvenile audience, features a young lady instructing her younger sister and cousin of their duty--as both friends and Christians--to refrain from gossiping behind one another's backs, or speaking ill of someone who is not present to defend herself. It was popular enough in its own time that it was reissued in not one but two posthumous collections, but there are today only seven copies listed in OCLC, in varying states (with and without publisher's ads, or bound together with another work). This copy, without ads, would appear to be an early, if not the earliest, issue.
New York: Voluntary Parenthood League. Undated, ca. 1920. 4 pp, ca. 6 x 8 inches, self wrappers. Two short tears mended with archival tape, one mild crease; very good. 4 copies located in OCLC. Social reformer Mary Ware Dennett (1872-1947) founded the Voluntary Parenthood League in 1919. The organization's main goal was to change the Comstock Laws so information about birth control would not be deemed obscene and could legally be distributed by mail. In this pamphlet, Dennett argues that just as humans eat for pleasure as well as from necessity, and just as they chose stylish clothes rather than the simplest thing that will keep them warm, so there are "similar emotional, mental, moral, and spiritual values to be derived from this function [sexual relations]." Getting "the Birth Control question straightened out," she argues, "is the first imperative step.... It will open the way for all the rest. And presently it will be as natural to apply science and art to sex relations as it is now to the matters of food, clothes, and shelter."
New York: Marshall Stillman Association, n.d., but ca. 1920s. Single sheet, 9 x 20 inches + additional flap for folding and mailing, printed on both sides with text and halftone illustrations of boxing and self-defense techniques. Hand-addressed, soiling and creasing at one edge, slit into which the flap would have been inserted prior to mailing (as issued); very good. A "10-day free trial" prospectus for a mail order course in the Marshall Stillman method of boxing, jiu-jitsu, and other forms of self-defense. Don't believe boxing can be taught by mail? Read the endorsements here and give it a try: "Practice the lessons faithfully for ten days, and then if you do not feel that you can learn boxing and self-defense by this original method, return the course to us. Should you decide to keep the course, send us $5 in complete payment. That's fair enough, isn't it? You can't lose." Stillman's history is noteworthy in several respects: Millionaires Alpheu Geer and Hiram Mallinson developed the Marshall Stillman method (named for two of Geer's grandparents) in the early 1900s as a prison reform effort; they saw physical activity and sport as a positive influence in combatting recidivism. In 1919, they brought in the obstreperous Lou Ingber to manage the gymnasium; shortly thereafter another nearby gym lost a large portion of its Jewish membership due to anti-semitic policies, and those boxers found a welcoming home at the Marshall Stillman Athletic Club. "Stillman's Gym" rapidly became one of the best-known boxing gyms in the country, with Joe Louis, Jack Dempsey, Gene Tunney, and Rocky Graziano among its alumni, and Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Jerry Lewis, Buddy Hackett, and Tony Bennett frequently in attendance as spectators. It remained a household name until 1959, when Ingber (an inveterate innovator and self-promoter who had long-since purchased the gym outright and legally changed his surname to "Stillman") sold up and retired--a decision he regretted, later telling a reporter that it was "the worst thing he had ever done, as it left him with nobody to talk to, and nobody to abuse."
Scranton, PA: Woman's Institute of Domestic Arts & Sciences, 1920. 9 x 12 inches,  pp, stapled wrappers with embossed lettering. Light soiling and spot of abrasion to front cover, else about fine. Two-page typed form letter on Woman's Institute letterhead laid in. The Woman’s Institute of Domestic Arts and Sciences was a correspondence school founded in 1916 by fashion and sewing expert Mary Brooks Picken, who hoped to make "a practical knowledge of the domestic arts and sciences available to every woman or girl, wherever she may live." Lessons were mailed to students, who had to take a test and/or submit samples of completed work to pass. At the school's peak popularity in the 1920s, there were nearly 300,000 women enrolled. Every student who took Dressmaking received Fashion Service, a semi-annual magazine intended to supplement coursework with advice and instruction on the latest styles. This issue includes illustrations and directions for constructing nine lovely examples of twenties dress styles, as well as a coat and a cape.
New York: Magazine of Mysteries, n.d, but ca. 1906. 8.75 x 13 inches,  pp, stapled wrappers. Text on most pages in four columns of absurdly small type. Creased where it has been folded into quarters, with some soiling, dampstaining, and minor chipping at the center fold of the first two leaves, rear wrap with some creasing, else clean and unmarked. Part self-help program, part pyramid scheme, the Mystic Success Club was the brainchild of New Thought leader Helen Van Anderson and Hubert A. Knight, publisher of "Three Weeks Training in Clairvoyance," and other pamphlets offering instruction in arcane skills. Promising adherents the ability to achieve "health, vigor, force, and tremendous psychic mental powers" they asked only that you pay $1 to subscribe to their monthly Magazine of Mysteries and get three friends to do the same. Once your four dollars arrived, you were a life member of the Mystic Success Club and could expect to receive four booklets over four months that, if used properly, would allow you to "control and direct all the great forces of the universe, especially the unseen forces, for good of yourself and others." This circular lays out the process in some detail, but is primarily composed of purported testimonials from "Brothers" and "Sisters" across the United States who proclaim their delight with the benefits of Club membership. As cons go, the Mystic "Success" Club appears itself to have achieved only middling success at best. A correspondent writes to a 1905 issue of "Life: A Monthly Magazine of Christian Metaphysics": "I wish to say through your valuable, true, honest journal, that I know by both experience and a thorough investigation that 'The Mystic Success Club' of New York, so vigorously advertised by 'The New York Magazine of Mysteries,' is a base humbug, a graft and a fraud. I would advise all of your readers to NOT JOIN." Although Ms. Van Anderson (who appears to have been sincere in her beliefs) is still read in some circles today, Mr. Knight committed suicide after being found guilty of extortion. And while the "Magazine of Mysteries" was issued monthly between 1901 and 1914, the Club was somewhat shorter-lived, a fact reflected in OCLC: The "Magazine" is held by five institutions, and a single copy of one of the Club's booklets (the "Second Degree") is held in one, but of this circular no copy is recorded.
Twenty-three glass plate negatives measuring 4 x 5 inches. Some with scratches and/or spotting, but very good overall. Although the bicycle had been around for several decades by the 1890s, technological innovations in the late nineteenth century that made bikes lighter, faster, and easier to ride sparked a new burst of enthusiasm for cycling among the American public. People of all ages and social classes purchased bicycles and took to the streets and country lanes, giving impetus to a movement to improve the quality of roads. Monthly magazines began publishing long articles about bicycle tours, newspapers added regular columns on the sport and filled their pages with ads for bicycles and accessories, doctors discussed the health risks and benefits, women’s skirts got shorter to facilitate riding (much to the dismay of some), and hundreds of new cycling clubs organized races and outings. One such club was the South Paris Wheel Club in Oxford County, Maine. This collection of rare images documents the activities of the South Paris Wheel Club on the Fourth of July, 1892. As part of a larger Independence Day celebration that also included a baseball game, the Wheel Club sponsored both a “Grand Cycling Tournament” and “Grand Bicycle Parade.” Fourteen of the photos were taken at the Oxford County Fairgrounds, and most of these capture the tournament in progress—showing groups of racers assembling at the starting line and then on the move, as spectators line the rails and officials look down from their stand above the tracks. Most appear to be straightforward races, but one unique view shows a man on a high-wheeled unicycle clearing an obstacle—either as part of an obstacle course or a trick-riding display. Also taken at the fairgrounds are shots of the bustling crowd and smalls groups of men and women enjoying the day. The rest of the images were taken in what appears to be a small downtown (presumably South Paris). These include shots of a large gathering of men with their bicycles—most likely assembled in preparation for the bicycle parade, and including some high wheels—as well as arresting portraits of individual men and boys posing with their rides. We do not have definitive identification of the photographer, but a strong candidate is a young woman named Minnie Libby (1863-1947), who lived in the town of Norway, just a mile down the road from the fairgrounds. Miss Libby (as she would come to be known professionally) was the daughter of a successful Norway carriage-maker who recognized her artistic ability, sent her to study at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and in 1886 helped finance the professional photography studio she would run for the next six decades. Although she was primarily a portrait photographer, Miss Libby was also known to roam the countryside (in pants!) taking shots of the local landscape, and we do know she photographed the Oxford County Fair for several years during the first decade of the twentieth century. If this is indeed the photography of Minnie Libby, the photos in this collection would represent some of her earliest work. Given her proximity, documented interest in activity at the fairgrounds, and the small number of photographers who would have been operating in this rural county, she seems a likely bet—but for now it remains a question for further research.
Philadelphia: Penn Publishing Company, 1912. First Edition. 6 x 4.5 inches, pp. 225, 12 (ads). Original decorative green cloth; boards rubbed, with some loss to the spine titling, a spot of damp-staining to the upper corner the text block, endpapers a bit age-toned, with the bookseller's stamp of "E.M. Burbeck, Stationers, San Diego, Cal." on the front pastedown. Very good. Hereward Carrington (1880-1958) is today remembered primarily for his many books on spiritualism, parapsychology, mediums, and magic. In his own time he was best known for his investigations into, and exposure of, a number of famous practitioners of the spiritual arts. Despite his skepticism regarding specific practitioners, he himself never relinquished his belief in the hereafter, nor in the ability of the dead to make themselves known to the living. Perhaps it was only natural, then, that he was as interested in the health and well-being of the corporeal self as that of the soul; in any event, he authored more than a dozen books on the subject of diet, exercise, sleep hygiene, and other self-care regimens, espousing fruitarianism, fasting, hydrating, the "no-breakfast" plan, fresh mountain air, sunbathing, and salt rubs, among much else. In this, one of his earliest self-help works, he tackles strategies for increasing longevity, the physical process of death, and ways to overcome the fear of dying. The goal, he writes, is to "...leave life at this age, just as one leaves a banquet, thanking the host, and departing." Oddly scarce: Of this first edition, issued by Penn Publishing, OCLC locates five copies; of the 1922 reissue by Dodd, Mead, only another ten.
Syracuse: E.H. Babcock & Co., 1853. First and only edition. 12mo, 148 pp, in publisher’s blind-stamped plum cloth. Wood-engraved vignette of a family scene on title page. Inscribed on the front pastedown “Mrs. Clement Dale, the Author L.D. Davis a Cousin of my Mama.” Some staining to boards, internals clean; very good. Four copies located in OCLC. A typical (but uncommon) example of nineteenth century sentimental mourning literature. Reverend Davis, a Methodist minister, reflects on the frailty of mankind and the particular heartbreak of losing a child. He offers comfort to the bereaved through scriptural evidence that a deceased child goes to a better place and will be reunited with loved ones in eternity.
[Liberty, Missouri]. Undated, 1880s. Small broadside, 6 1/4 x 9/ 3/8 inches, printed with ca. 350 words surrounded by an ornamental border. Fine. The industrious Dr. Grimes was editor of the periodical Dental Brief (published in St. Louis beginning in 1882) and seller of dental alloys, cement, rubber solder, and various dental tools and equipment. Here he offers "to make entire upper or lower sets of Artificial Teeth on the Hard Rubber or Vulcanized Base for the small sum of twenty dollars." After demonstrating how low his prices are by quoting the terms of his license from the Goodyear Vulcanite Company, he offers a timeline for the work: "teeth should be extracted from three to five months before inserting Teeth. Temporary sets can be inserted three or four weeks after extracting. He concludes "I am prepared to perform all other operations in Dental Surgery in a most durable manner, such as cleaning, filling, removing tartar from the teeth, correcting irregularities, &c. Chloroform, ether, the Anaesthetic Spray and Nitrous Oxide administered for the extraction of teeth without pain. Operations warranted. Terms, Cash."
Philadelphia: L.A. Godey, 1876. First Edition. 6.5 x 10 inches, unpaginated (ca. 60 pp), in original illustrated wrappers, with ads on endpapers and back cover. Wrappers have chipping and short tears to the egdes, internals fine. A scarce centennial souvenir produced by the publisher of Godey's Lady's Book, containing 24 steel-engraved plates, the first eight of which show the buildings and grounds of the Centennial International Exposition in Philadelphia. The remainder illustrate historic scenes of a patriotic nature, including the Battles of Concord and Trenton; Fort Duquesne; the Tomb of Washington; Faneuil Hall; and Heroic Women of the Revolution, among others. Each of the patriotic plates is accompanied by explanatory text on the facing page. One copy located in OCLC (NYPL).
Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1911. First Edition. 360 pp, with illustrations from photographs. Publisher's pictorial cloth binding; no dust jacket. Edges rubbed, hinges starting, some mild foxing; about very good. Fisher describes her journey of 1909-10 as "the trip of a woman who had grown a little weary of the details of a useful but somewhat heavy business, and sought recreation under India’s burning sun, in Ceylon, China, Japan, in many places where no motor-car had ever taken man or woman before.” Her adventure attracted hundreds of excited spectators in cities around the world and was the subject of dozens of contemporary newspaper articles. We don't know if she intended the pun when she mentioned her "heavy business," but she owned a company that made anvils.
Harrisburg: 1850. 4.25 x 6.25 inches, 72 pp, in original cloth-backed marbled boards. Boards heavily worn, with some loss of the outer paper; triangular stain extending from lower gutter throughout (ca. 1.5 inches high, not affecting legibility); a good, sound copy, with early ownership signature of a Levi Wismer. Early English-language edition of this classic work of Pennsylvania Dutch folk magic and medicine, first published in German (as Der lange verborgene Freund) in 1820, with a short appendix of "valuable recipes not in the original work of Hohman, added by the publishers". Hohman was a German-American printer, bookseller, and compiler of local herbal remedies, rituals, and healing spells and charms. This work includes recipes for medicinal folk cures for people and livestock, as well as instructions for making talismans and performing spells that invoke divine assistance (usually from Jesus Christ or from the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost). There are methods for preventing poaching, compelling a thief to return stolen goods, protecting onseself from weapons, extinguishing fire without water, protecting cattle against witchcraft, making a judge favor your case in court, and other useful skills. The book went through at least 18 editions and is still in print today. We locate 6 copies of this edition in OCLC.
Original panoramic photograph, 8 x 40 inches. Captioned in the negative with the title, photographer's signature, and image number (740). A few annotations in ink indicate various points of reference (mostly numbers that must have been matched to a key no longer present), one 1/4" tear; very good. Unmounted and unbacked, stored rolled. A rare image documenting the appearance and layout of the camp where thousands of medical personnel were trained to work in ambulance companies and evacuation and field hospitals during World War I. Camp Greenleaf was created at Chickamauga National Battlefield Park in May 1917 under a program that used National Park and Battlefield land for military training installations. In only 18 months of operation, the camp trained 6,640 officers and 31,138 enlisted men. During this period 37 evacuation hospitals were staffed and equipped, with most departing camp for the front. This image shows rows of of buildings as far as the eye can see, interspersed with some tents and even a row of cots where it appears men have been sleeping out in the open. The camp would be decommissioned two months after Chattanooga-based photographer North H. Losey visited. We have located records of several other panoramic photographs taken at Camp Greenleaf (most of groups of officers), but no other examples of this image.
Earlington, WA: The Westerner Company, 1910. 8.5 x 11.5 inches, 40 pp, illustrated wrappers. Halftone illustrations throughout. Small ownership label on front cover, two leaves with creasing and pale stains; very good. In a 1911 advertising trade publication, The Westerner’s founder and editor, Edgar Lloyd Hampton (1872-1951), boasted that his monthly magazine had 80,000 paid subscribers in the states of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, and California, and sold an additional 7,000 copies on the newsstands. He attributed his success to a dedicated focus on topics of regional interest. This issue carries articles on a livestock exhibition in Portland, the attractions of land in British Columbia, and the growing seaport of Florence, Oregon, as well as briefer congratulatory notices of happenings in Los Angeles (San Pedro Harbor nearly completed), Walla Walla (old fort grounds are being converted to a plum orchard), and other cities. Given the relative scarcity of surviving copies of The Westerner, we suspect Hampton’s circulation numbers were inflated. But advertisers seem to have been convinced, as the magazine contains a profusion of ads—for orchard lands, dairy farms, investment opportunities, hotels, automobiles, farming implements, books, patent medicines, correspondence courses, and more. The Westerner ceased publication in 1915, when Hampton took his promotional talents to Southern California.
Chicago: Socialistic Publishing Society, 1886. First Edition. 188 pp, in original printed pink wrappers. Light soiling and uneven sunning to wraps, small loss to backstrip, text quite clean, with just a few small spots of foxing. Very good. An important pamphlet containing speeches of the eight Chicago anarchists tried for their involvement in the Haymarket Riot of May 4, 1886. The Haymarket Riot (also called the Haymarket Affair or Massacre) was a violent confrontation between Chicago police and labor protesters that became a symbol of the international struggle for workers’ rights. It began as a peaceful rally in support of the eight-hour work day, but havoc ensued after an unknown person threw a dynamite bomb into the crowd. Police responded with uncoordinated gunfire that resulted in the deaths of seven police officers and at least four civilians; dozens of others were wounded. Amid the anti-labor panic that followed, August Spies, Michel Schwab, Oscar Neebe, Adolph Fischer, Louis Lingg, George Engel, Samuel Fielden, and Albert R. Parsons were arrested, tried, and sentenced to death, despite the fact that several were not present at the May 4 event and their alleged involvement was never proved. Ultmately, four of the men were executed, one hanged himself in jail, and three were granted clemency by the Governor of Illinois in 1893, after a review of the case revealed a biased judge and jury and fabricated evidence.
[Washington, DC]: . Autograph letter signed from George W. Titcomb to his cousin, November 11, 1887, on United States War Department letterhead. 4pp, 4.75 x 7.5 inches, with original stamped and postmarked envelope. Fine but for an ink smear on the final page. Titcomb worked in the office of Secretary of War William Endicott, where he witnessed the Cleveland administration's close monitoring of events in Chicago on the day the Haymarket rioters were executed. He writes: "The President and members of the Cabinet are receiving special telegrams every few minutes in regard to the anarchist execution at Chicago today. I see those that come to Mr. Endicott, but hardly find them pleasant reading. The last despatch has them eating their last lunch. They are behaving bravely and will die game. Poor wretches! Wrong and dangerous as their doctrines are, I cannot think they have quite merited the Death Penalty. I fear their ignorant followers will only regard them as martyrs and that anarchy in the land will increase rather than diminish, through this execution."
Three original 8" x 10" black and white photographs, one captioned in the negative "Burke, Idaho 1923." Photographer unknown. Very good. Burke, Idaho was first settled in 1884, after significant deposits of lead and silver were found in the area. The town became famous for being built in such a narrow valley that its main hotel had railroad tracks, a street, and a stream passing through the lobby. The precarious setting left the town vulnerable to natural distasters, one of the worst of which was a fire that broke out on July 23, 1923. According to a local newspaper, the fire was caused by a spark from a locomotive, and "over fifty business houses of Burke's main street were destroyed and practically all of the residences are gone. Four hundred and forty miners were forced to flee to the depths of the Hecla lead and silver mine. A high wind rendered dynamite ineffectual. All of the mine company’s buildings on the surface were destroyed. The damage is estimated at a million. Six hundred people are homeless." These striking photographs, one taken shortly before the fire and two in the immediate aftermath, show tremendous devastation. But there was still silver to be had, so the town was rebuilt--this time with most buildings set further back from the railroad tracks. The silver was finally mined out in the 1970s, and today Burke is a ghost town.
New York/Hartford, Conn. American Emigrant Co., n.d., but ca. 1880s. 10-6/16 x 8-3/16" bifolium,  pp. printed recto and verso with text and engraved illustrations. Previously folded, with creasing and a few tiny chips out at the folds, else fine. The agreement has been filled out in ink and dated May 31, 1883. Beginning in the mid-1860s, in response to the sudden perceived need for "white labor" throughout the Union, territories, and the "exhausted and devastated" South, the American Emigrant Company served as a clearinghouse for employers and prospective employees. "Farmers, Manufacturers, Railroad and Mining Companies, and large employers of labor of every class" were encouraged to submit their needs, and, for a fee, the Company would endeavor to fulfill them. In their 1865 charter, the Company was explicit: "Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Belgium, France, Switzerland, Germany, England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales" would provide the gene pool, and, having matched the abilities of workers to employers, the Company would provide seed-money to the worker to be put toward their passage to America (at no risk to the Company, those funds having been previously deposited with the Company by the prospective employer, to be repaid at a later date by the worker, in labor or in cash). Here we have such a transit agreement, in Swedish, with the heading "Nybygget Svea" ("New Sweden"). It has been filled out by hand by "Kapten R. E. Jeanson, Agent," billet number 160883, fronting one John Olson $9 to be used for transit from the Scandinavian port of his choice to New York, and thence to Susquehanna, Pennsylvania. Permitted transatlantic fares ($28 for an adult, $14 for a child under the age of 12, and $3 for babies under the age of 1) have been specified. What occupation or position Mr. Olson will be expected to fulfill in Susquehanna has not. The four-page document functions as a promotional piece as well as a binding legal contract, hinting as it does at a new-world paradise--with illustrations of cattle drinking from a stream on a prosperous Iowa farm, and of the American Emigrant Company's own bustling New York offices on Lower Broadway. An illuminating artifact of post-Civil War immigration, racial, and labor history.