London: Macmillan, 1878.
First Edition. Hardcover. Very good-. pp xiii, 356,  (ad) in publisher's green cloth with gilt spine lettering. Corners rubbed through, hinges/joints repaired (likely by an amateur), foxing to first and last few pages only. Best known for his work on evolution, Alfred Russel Wallace did extensive biological and geographical field work in the Amazon basin and the Malay Archipelago. In this work, he seeks to elucidate the characteristics that most clearly distinguish tropical areas from the temperate zones. Includes discussion of climate, vegetation, and animal life, the hummingbird "as illustrating the luxuriance of tropical nature," the role of color in both the plant and animal kingdoms, the relationship between environment and the characteristics of living things, and the relationship between the distribution of animals and geographical changes over time.