Istanbul: Cumhuriyet Matbaasi, 1939.
Softcover. very good. 11.25' x 7.5", unpaginated, but ca. 200 pp, consisting entirely of reproduced photographs, each with a caption (in Turkish). A good copy with creasing and chipping to wrappers, one crack in binding. An interesting and uncommon assemblage of images documenting the public appearances of Mustafa Kamal Atatürk, the first President of the Republic of Turkey. The photographs were taken by photographers from several Turkish newspapers: Cemal Göral of Son Posta, Faik Senol of Aksam, Hilmi Sahenk of Tan, and Salahaddin Giz and Namik Görgüç of Cumhuriyet. Most date from the period between the establishment of the Republic in 1923 and Atatürk's death in 1938, but there are some earlier images included. Born in 1881 in Salonika in what was then the Ottoman Empire, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was sent to military school and the military academy in Istanbul, graduating in 1905. "In 1911, he served against the Italians in Libya and then in the Balkan Wars (1912-1913). He made his military reputation repelling the Allied invasion at the Dardanelles in 1915. In May 1919, Atatürk began a nationalist revolution in Anatolia, organizing resistance to the peace settlement imposed on Turkey by the victorious Allies. This was particularly focused on resisting Greek attempts to seize Smyrna and its hinterland. Victory over the Greeks enabled him to secure revision of the peace settlement in the Treaty of Lausanne. In 1921, Atatürk established a provisional government in Ankara. The following year the Ottoman Sultanate was formally abolished and, in 1923, Turkey became a secular republic with Atatürk as its president. He established a single party regime that lasted almost without interruption until 1945. He launched a program of revolutionary social and political reform to modernize Turkey. These reforms included the emancipation of women, the abolition of all Islamic institutions and the introduction of Western legal codes, dress, calendar and alphabet, replacing the Arabic script with a Latin one. Abroad he pursued a policy of neutrality, establishing friendly relations with Turkey's neighbors. He died on 10 November 1938:" (BBC). This book memorializes his participation in a range of ceremonial, diplomatic, and military activities. We locate 7 copies in OCLC. .