Ethnography and Philology of the Hidatsa Indians
Washington: Government Printing Office, 1877.
First Edition. Hardcover. Near fine. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological and Geographical Survey Miscellaneous Publications No. 7. 239 pp. Rebound in modern brown cloth with title stamped in gilt on spine. Otherwise a fine copy. Matthews, an Army surgeon, was "posted at Fort Union in what is now Montana in 1865. It was there that an enduring interest in Native American peoples and languages took root. He would go on to serve at a series of forts in Dakota Territory until 1872: Fort Berthold, Fort Stevenson, Fort Rice, and Fort Buford....While stationed at the Fort Berthold in the Dakota Territory, he learned to speak the Hidatsa language fluently, and wrote a series of works describing their culture and language" (wiki). Pages 125-209 of this work are a Hidatsa Dictionary, and 213-239 are a Hidatsa-English Vocabulary.