Washington DC: Government Printing Office, 1874.
First Edition. Hardcover. Very Good. 248 pp, indexed, in original black cloth boards. Light shelf wear to boards; binding tight, text clean. Established by Congress in 1869, the Board of Indian Commissioners was authorized to provide advice on the conduct of federal policy regarding Native Americans and to inspect supplies delivered to Indian agencies in fulfillment of treaty obligations. Britannica: "The immediate result of the board's efforts was Ulysses S. Grant's "peace policy," which, among other things, involved the nomination of agents by Protestant and Catholic churches. The strategy was to force peaceable Indians onto reservations, where Christian agents and missionaries would prepare them for assimilation into the mainstream of society. Indians who refused to move to reservations would be treated as hostile and would be pursued by the army until they acquiesced or were killed. This report opens with this rather heavily qualified statement: "Disclaiming for that [i.e., the peace] policy any responsibility for or agency in bringing on the unhappy Modoc troubles, and excepting, to prevent cavil, a few straggling bands of Apaches, and the feeble demonstration of a few Northern Sioux against the military expeditions of Generals Stanley and Baker, which the Indians deemed to be infractions of the treaty of 1867, there has been peace betwwen the whites and the Indians since the close of the Cheyenne and Arapahoe war in 1868."